The great Indian murder mystery

I was going through India’s Crime Statistics for 2010. These records tell more about the failure to report most crimes in India rather than what the actual crime rate in India is. According to the government’s statistics the highest reported crime rate is in Kerala, followed closely by Pondicherry. Sounds odd? Well, let’s have a look at the comprehensive list below-

State Crime Rate  Murder Rate  Crime Rank  Murder Rank
Kerala 424.1 1 1 34
Pondicherry 352.3 3 2 17
Chandigarh 299.8 1.9 3 30
M.P. 297.2 3.4 4 11
Delhi 279.8 3.1 5 14
Tamil Nadu 274.5 2.8 6 19
Rajasthan 242.8 2.1 7 25
Karnataka 242 3.1 8 15
Haryana 240.4 4.1 9 7
Andamans 226.9 2.1 10 26
Chhattisgarh 224 4.3 11 5
Mizoram 215.7 4.8 12 4
Andhra 215.7 3 13 16
Gujarat 200.1 1.8 14 31
Assam 199.1 3.9 15 8
Arunachal 197.5 6.1 16 1
Himachal 195.1 2 17 29
Maharashtra 189.2 2.5 18 22
Goa 188.9 2 19 27
J&K 173.8 1.6 20 33
Tripura 160.8 4.1 21 6
West Bengal 143.7 2.7 22 20
Orissa 138.3 3.2 23 13
Punjab 134.4 3.3 24 12
D&N 133.6 2.1 25 24
Bihar 131.1 3.5 26 9
Jharkhand 125.7 5.5 27 2
Daman 101.5 2.5 28 21
Manipur 100.5 3.4 29 10
Meghalaya 96 5.1 30 3
Uttarakhand 94.1 1.8 31 32
Sikkim 90.5 2.8 32 18
U.P. 87.5 2.2 33 23
Lakshadweep 58.3 0 34 35
Nagaland 47.1 2 35 28

Kerala ranks 1st for crime rate, but 34th for murders. Jharkhand ranks 2nd in murders, but 27th in crime. For the first time the great Indian murder mystery sounds more intriguing than Rashomon. Right? Well, here is the solution.

When one looks at the murder rate, Kerala is actually the second safest place in India. I guess the disparity is because of the fact that murders are more likely to be reported than other crimes. There is a reporting problem, and better developed states report all crimes- both murder and otherwise – fairly well, while poorer states only report murders consistently.

Having said that, there is another theory worth considering. What if the government’s statistics are correct? Then, perhaps, wealthier states just have more opportunities for things to be stolen or fraud perpetrated, etc., but have better solved the murder problem. Therefore, their crime rates are higher, even if you are less likely to be murdered there. Anyways. Take care.

Advertisements

Speak up!

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s