This article has been contributed by my good friend Naveen.
Ubuntu is an operating system which is distributed as free and open source software. It is named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu (“humanity towards others”).
Installing Ubuntu is not a tough job, yet some people find it a complicated process. I assume that you are a layman and lack experience on about how to install Ubuntu. Keeping this in my mind I will try to guide you.
You will be installing Ubuntu in one of the three cases-
a. Installing it on a fresh hard disk
It’s very easy process compared to other two, here you will be installing Ubuntu on a fresh hard disk. The first 3 steps will be the same, in step 4 you need to select 2nd option and install, no partition will be created, if at all you want to partition hard disk, you can do it once installation is complete using GParted (Gnome Partition Editor).
b. Trying to make dual boot
To make a dual boot you need to create separate partition for installing Ubuntu, it can be created from the existing operating system. I will cover this partitioning process in the subsequent articles. If you have created separate partition then follow from step 4.
c. On existing Operating systems
1. Insert your Ubuntu CD or DVD in the optical drive. If you don’t have a CD/DVD, you can either download or order for free from the following link:
2. Once optical drive reads it you will see the following screen
There are two options:
a. Try Ubuntu (Live cd)
If you select this you can run Ubuntu and have a look and feel of it without installing it.
b. Install Ubuntu
If you select this option the process continues and you will be directed to the next screen, so click on Install Ubuntu
3. In this step, if you have Internet connection, you may check the two checkboxes. It will automatically download updates and the third party softwares.
Note: It may take very long time to download updates; it depends on the speed of your Internet connection also, so I suggest not to check these checkboxes because this can be updated manually once you are done with installation.
4. When you click on Forward you will go through many steps which are very much important.
Caution: If at all anything goes wrong you will lose your entire data and it is not recoverable.
- If you select the 1st option Ubuntu will be installed next to the existing operating system.
- If you select the 2nd option entire data in the hard disk will be erased and only Ubuntu will be installed without creating partition, which is the 1st type of installation which I mentioned in the beginning.
- If you select the 3rd option you will see the partition table, which is suggested all the times. Click here.
5.Partition table shows various partitions on your hard drive
In this figure, you can clearly make out the partitions on the hard disk. You can see that I have left free space for installing Ubuntu, click on Add option and you will find one new window as shown below
Here you can either make partition as Primary or Logical, although I generally go with logical. Next you need to select any extension (ext2/ext3/ext4) and you have to specify Mount point as “/”, then click on ok and install now.
6. In this step you need to choose your location.
7. Once you are done with the above step you will be asked to enter your personal details
Enter your personal details and then click on Forward button, the installation will continue and once everything is installed it will ask for reboot, reboot your system and you should see your Ubuntu working.
Enjoy the magic!